Essential Belfast FAQs: What You Need to Know

Essential Belfast FAQs: What You Need to Know

Traveling to Belfast, the vibrant capital of Northern Ireland, presents a delightful blend of historical significance, cultural wealth, and scenic beauty.

As you plan your visit, you’ll find a city bustling with activity, from its Titanic legacy to the dynamic culinary and arts scene.

Getting around is convenient, with various options at your disposal that allow you to experience the city’s friendly atmosphere and charming neighborhoods.

Your trip to Belfast will be enriched by understanding local customs and insights, which will endear you to the heart of the city.

The people of Belfast are known for their warmth and hospitality, making it a welcoming place for travelers.

Whether you’re looking to delve into the history, enjoy the outdoors at the Botanic Gardens, or indulge in the local cuisine, you’ll discover that Belfast accommodates a wide range of interests and preferences.

Key Takeaways

  • Belfast offers a rich blend of culture, history, and modern attractions.
  • Navigation through the city is easy, with friendly locals to help guide you.
  • Accommodations and eateries are abundant, catering to a variety of tastes and budgets.

Planning Your Visit

When preparing for a trip to Belfast, knowing the ideal travel times, what currency to carry, and the necessary travel documents enhances your experience. Here’s what you need to consider.

Best Time to Travel

Northern Ireland experiences a temperate maritime climate.

To enjoy Belfast at its best, the summer months from June to August offer warm weather and longer days, making it an ideal time for sightseeing and attending festivals.

Winter can be cold with shorter days, but if you don’t mind the chill, the city lights up with Christmas markets and holiday decorations.

Understanding Currency

What is the cheapest way to get to Belfast?

In Belfast, which is part of the UK, the currency used is the British Pound Sterling (GBP).

Unlike its neighbor, the Republic of Ireland, which uses the Euro (EUR), Northern Ireland does not accept it as standard.

It’s a good idea to exchange your currency for Pounds to avoid any inconvenience. Here’s a quick reference:

  • UK (Belfast): British Pound Sterling (GBP)
  • Republic of Ireland: Euro (EUR)

Travel Documents and Visa Requirements

For international travel to Belfast, ensure your passport is valid for the duration of your stay. Visa requirements vary:

  • If you’re from the EU, EEA, or Switzerland, you’ll not require a visa for short visits.
  • If you’re from outside these areas, check with the UK Embassy or High Commission in your country for specific requirements.
  • Travel insurance is recommended, and depending on your vaccination status regarding COVID-19, a Passenger Locator Form may be necessary.
  • Being fully vaccinated may ease your entry and reduce any quarantine requirements.

Regulations can change, so it’s best to verify the latest guidelines before you travel.

Getting Around

When you’re visiting Belfast, you’ll find that getting around the city is convenient whether you prefer public transport or driving.

Belfast City Centre is especially accessible, with options tailored to suit a range of needs from bus services to car rentals.

Public Transportation

Metro Bus

You have the convenience of the Metro bus system when you’re navigating around Belfast.

The city is well-connected with various routes that can take you to popular spots in and around the centre.

Metro Daylink Card

For unlimited day travel, consider purchasing a Metro Daylink card. It offers you the flexibility of hopping on and off buses as you please.

  • Off-Peak Price: £3
  • Peak Price: £3.50

Guided Tours

For an immersive experience of Belfast’s landmarks and history, you might want to opt for a guided tour.

Walking tours are popular and can be an enjoyable way to see the sights with the added benefit of insights from a local guide.

Car Rentals and Driving

If you prefer the freedom to explore at your own pace, renting a car is a viable option. Driving in Belfast is straightforward, and car rentals are readily available.

Car Hire Tips

  • Always check for any applicable driving rules specific to Northern Ireland.
  • Plan ahead for parking, especially in the bustling Belfast City Centre.


If you’re continuing your journey beyond Belfast, the city is served by two main airports, with car rentals easily accessible from these points, giving you a smooth transition from air travel to road travel.

Cultural Insights

Your journey to Belfast is not just about visiting a city; it’s an immersive experience into a place rich in culture, layered with historical depth, and bursting with social complexities that have shaped its character.

History and Heritage

Belfast’s tapestry is woven with historical threads spanning centuries. The city’s heritage ties to its industrial prowess, notably in shipbuilding—most famously, the birthplace of the Titanic. The Troubles, a pervasive period of conflict, left indelible marks but the Good Friday Agreement breathed new life into Belfast by officially ceasing hostilities and fostering peace.

Key Historical Points:

  • The birthplace of the RMS Titanic
  • Deeply influenced by the period known as The Troubles
  • Transformation post-Good Friday Agreement

Political Landscape

Belfast is a city where political identity is complex and often visibly divided between Unionist and Nationalist communities, reflecting allegiance to British or Irish sovereignty, respectively.

Physical remnants of past divisions linger in the form of Peace Lines—barriers separating neighborhoods.

Acknowledging this landscape is important to understanding the city’s social fabric, as politics continue to influence everyday life.

Main Political Identities

  • Unionist: Loyal to the United Kingdom
  • Nationalist: Irish cultural and political allegiance

Local Customs and Etiquette

Embrace Belfast’s warmth by understanding local customs.

A casual “aye” means yes, and “wee” often peps up conversation, denoting something small or endearing—not always literally!

Tipping in Belfast is customary, generally 10% in restaurants; however, always follow the lead of locals.

The city’s linguistic landscape is seasoned with a distinctive Northern Irish accent and occasional Gaelic phrases, underscoring its Celtic heritage.

Belfast Lingo & Customs

  • Language: “Aye” (yes) and “wee” (small)
  • Tipping: 10% in restaurants, but observe local practices

Cultural insights give you the lens to view Belfast not just as a visitor, but with the depth and respect of one who seeks to understand its heartbeat.

Attractions and Activities

Belfast is brimming with captivating attractions and a variety of recreational activities that cater to all interests—whether you’re a history enthusiast or an outdoor adventurer.

Must-See Landmarks

Titanic Belfast
Experience the story of the Titanic at the iconic Titanic Belfast, an avant-garde museum not far from where the famed ship was constructed.

The interactive galleries bring you through the ship’s conception, construction, and fateful maiden voyage.

Cathedral Quarter
Stroll through the cobbled streets of the Cathedral Quarter and immerse yourself in Belfast’s cultural heart, with street art, live music, and bustling pubs that promise a vibrant atmosphere.

Belfast City Hall
Take a guided tour and marvel at the grandeur of Belfast City Hall, a magnificent example of Edwardian architecture standing proudly in the city center.

Crumlin Road Gaol
Delve into the darker side of Belfast’s history with a visit to Crumlin Road Gaol. You can explore the cells and learn about the prison’s 150-year history.

St. George’s Market
Enjoy the local flavors and crafts at St. George’s Market, one of Belfast’s oldest attractions, where you’ll find fresh produce, artisanal goods, and live music, particularly on weekends.

Recreational Areas

Botanic Gardens
Relax in the Botanic Gardens, a green oasis perfect for a leisurely walk. Don’t miss the Palm House, a stunning example of Victorian glasshouse architecture.

Queen’s University
Consider a visit to the historic grounds of Queen’s University for its beautiful architecture and the nearby Ulster Museum, which is nestled within the university area, offering insights into Northern Ireland’s art, history, and natural sciences.

Food and Accommodation

When planning your stay in Belfast, you’ll find a wealth of accommodation options to fit your budget, and a lively dining scene that ranges from casual pubs to acclaimed restaurants.

Your safety and enjoyment are paramount, so let’s explore the best places to rest and dine.

Hotels and Staying Safe

Budgeting Your Stay

  • Hostels: Affordable, sociable options for travellers.
  • Hotels: Ranging from budget-friendly to luxury.
  • Serviced Apartments: For a homely feel.
  • Camping & Caravanning: For the adventurous.

Staying Safe

To ensure your safety during your stay, it’s advised to book accommodations that have strong health and safety measures in place. If you’re in town amid health advisories, such as those for COVID-19, always follow updated local guidelines to lower risks.

Dining and Nightlife


  • Michelin-Star: For a fine-dining experience.
  • Local Eateries: Enjoy the city’s local flavors.
  • St. George’s Market: (Weekend only) A food lover’s paradise.


  • Pubs: Perfect for a casual night out.
  • Nightclubs: Dance the night away in Belfast’s vibrant scene.

When dining out, consider making reservations in advance, especially for higher-end restaurants.

As for nightlife, enjoy the local pubs and clubs, but stay aware of your surroundings to have a fun and safe experience.